Recently, WHO (World Health Organization) announced that Cuba has eliminated mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis. They were very successful. Dr Margaret Chan, the head of the World Health Organization, said that this is one of the most important discoveries and achievement. Scientists needed years of research in order to give pregnant women access to prenatal care who suffered from these diseases. The WHO announced that they hope, other countries can achieve the same goal.
Across the whole planet, 1.4 million women, infected with the HIV become pregnant. According to a research, they have 15-45% to transmit the virus during labour, breastfeeding, or even during pregnancy. However, this risk can be reduced to just 1% id mother and child receive antiretroviral medicines.
Every year, million pregnant women get infected with syphilis. An early treatment and screening can eliminate possible complications for their babies.
According to official data, only 2% of pregnant women with HIV virus transmit it to their babies. This is the lowest rate in the world. With current available prevention methods, the lower rate is impossible. In the world, 7 out of 10 pregnant women, with the HIV virus, who live in low-income families, receive treatment that should reduce the risk of infecting their babies. 8 of 22 countries that for more than 90% of new HIV infections, reduced the HIV infections among children by 50%, since 2009. 4 more countries are close to this goal, according to the World Health Organization. In 2014, more than 40 countries, tested more than 95% of pregnant women for syphilis. However, many countries must do much more in order to treat and prevent syphilis.